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Liu Lab Equipment List


Within our laboratory, the group members have access to the following major equipment:


  • Bruker E560 EPR/ENDOR Spectrometer, cryogen-free 4 K temperature system

  • Applied Photophysics SX20 Stopped-Flow UV-Vis spectrophotometer with photomultiplier tube, photodiode array, and fluorescence detector. Update instruments rapid-freeze quench (RFQ), and Agilent 8453 UV-visible spectroscopy system

  • The synthetic corner: Teledyne Isco CombiFlash Rf+ Chromatography, IKA Rotovapor, Chiller, and vacuum gas manifold

  • Coy glove and gloveless anaerobic chamber

  • Thermo Scientific Ultimate-3000SD HPLC rapid separation system with autosampler and photodiode array detector

  • Microcal VP Isothermal Calorimeter (VP-ITC)

  • Gryphon crystallization robotic system from Art Robbins Instruments

  • Leica microscope, Vibration-free crystallization refrigerators, and Linux workstations for remote data colletcion at the beamlines

  • Michrom Gemini microcapillary LC interfaced to a Thermo-Finnigan LCQ ESI Mass Spectrometer with nanospray (LC-MS/MS)

  • New Brunswick Scientific BioFlo 410 Fermentor

  • Microfluidics LM20-30 Cell Disruptor

  • AKTA FPLC, AKTA Purifier, and two AKTA Start systems

  • Dual laser Beckman Coulter Quanta SC with cell counting/sizing capability

  • Mammalian cell line culture including Nuaire CO2 water-jacketed incubator
  • All relevant tools for protein crystallography, including two Linux workstations and two Molecular Dimensions vibration-free refrigerators
  • Microfluidics LM20-30 Cell Disruptor
  • Clark-type oxygen electrode with upgraded gas blender
  • WPI free radical analyzer with hydrogen peroxide electrode
  • Update Instruments Model 715 rapid mixer and quenching system (RFQ)
  • Agilent 8453 Diode array spectrophotometers (2X)
  • Cary 5000 UV-Vis-NIR spectrophotometer

  • Hewlett-Packard 8452A Diode Array Spectrophotometer
  • Perkin-Elmer Lambda 25 Spectrophotometer
  • Cary Eclipse Fluorescence Spectrometer

  • Tecan Infinite M200 Quad monochrometer microplate VIS-UV and Fluorescence spectrometer
  • Turner design/Promega Model TD-20/20 Luminometer
  • Leitz HM-Lux Microscope
  • Olympus CKX41SF2, Inverted Stage, phase contrast microscope with camera
  • Perkin Elmer Thermal Cycler (block type) and Eppendorf mastercycler gradient PCR systems
  • Class II Type A2 biosafety cabinet
  • Refrigerated shakers from Eppendorf Scientific (New Brunswick) and Thermo

  • Beckman high-speed centrifuges: Avanti J-26 XP & J-E
  • Anaerobic Shlenk line
  • Speed vac and lyophilizer
  • Alpha Imager HP
  • Multiple -80 C freezers and refrigerators


    The UTSA Department of Chemistry is ranked 78 by Nature Index among all chemistry departments in the United States (68 excluding corporate entities). The Department provides NMR, Mass spectrometry, and other shared facilities to all the research groups without or with minimal charges. For details, please see and


    The Department of Biology, located in the same BSE building, has research strengths in the following areas: Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Immunology, Neurobiology, and Plant Biology.


    The BSE building also hosts multiple research centers and institutes related to our research and provide seminars as well as research resources to us as we need. These include Center of Excellence in Infection Genomics (CEIG), Neurosciences Institute, San Antonio Cellular Therapeutics Institute (SACTI), and South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases (STCEID).


    The University of Texas Health Science Center (UTHSCSA) at San Antonio is a high-level education and medical research center located in the medical district of San Antonio, about seven miles from our laboratory. UTHSCSA is the largest health sciences campus in South Texas with MD/PhD programs and research hospital as well as patient care. We have partially overlapping research interests and collaborations with the faculty of Departments of Biochemistry, Cellular & Structural Biology, Microbiology & Immunology, Molecular Medicine, Pharmacology, and Physiology.